Adjusting Entry for Depreciation Expense Calculation Example

depreciation expense journal entry

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  • An asset is any resource that has monetary value, however, depreciation applies only to what are referred to as fixed assets or tangible assets.
  • In 2023, the van will be used for 3 months only (January to March) since it has a useful life of 5 years (i.e. from April 1, 2018 to March 31, 2023).
  • In contrast, items such as cash and accounts receivable are considered short-term assets because they are liquid, meaning they can be converted to cash in less than a year.
  • This is recorded at the end of the period (usually, at the end of every month, quarter, or year).
  • The SYD method of depreciation is useful because it may provide a more accurate representation of the true decrease in the value of the asset over time.

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Additionally the asset account itself continues to show the original cost of the asset. In accounting, the depreciation expense is the allocation of the cost of the asset to the accounting periods over which it is to be used. The allocation is necessary to comply with the matching principle, ensuring that the expense of owning the asset is matched to the revenues generated by the asset. Accumulated depreciation is carried on the balance sheet until the related asset is disposed of and reflects the total reduction in the value of the asset over time. In other words, the total amount of depreciation expense recorded in previous periods. Depreciation recapture is a provision of the tax law that requires businesses or individuals that make a profit in selling an asset that they have previously depreciated to report it as income.

depreciation expense journal entry

Depreciation is a term used in accounting to describe the decrease in the value of an asset over time. When a business acquires an asset such as machinery, buildings, or equipment, they expect that these assets will lose value over time due to usage or becoming outdated. To reflect the decrease in the value of an asset, businesses use depreciation to record journal entries accurately. To calculate the straight-line depreciation expense of this fixed asset, the company takes the purchase price of $100,000 minus the $30,000 salvage value to calculate a depreciable base of $70,000. This results in an annual depreciation expense over the next 10 years of $7,000. This method, which is often used in manufacturing, requires an estimate of the total units an asset will produce over its useful life.

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There is one disadvantage of this method, which is that it is not possible to find out the original cost of an asset and the total amount of depreciation. Finally, depreciation is not intended to reduce the cost of a fixed asset to its market value. Market value may be substantially different, and may even increase over time.






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